EUTROPIUS wrote his ‘Breviarium Ab Urbe Condita’ (Abbreviated History of Rome), in 369 or 370, at the behest of Valens (Eastern Emperor 364–378). He prefaces the work:
“According to the pleasure of your Clemency, I have arranged in a brief narrative, in order of time, such particulars in the history of Rome as seemed most worthy of notice, in transactions either of war or peace, from the foundation of the city to our own days;* adding concisely, also, such matters as were remarkable in the lives of the emperors; that your Serenity's divine mind may rejoice to learn that it has followed the actions of illustrious men in governing the empire, before it became acquainted with them by reading.”
The ‘Breviarium’ is divided into ten books, but this is deceptive. In H.W. Bird's recent (1993) English edition, the whole work occupies only 69 pages.
Translation by John Selby Watson
Eutropius concludes with the reign of Jovian, who died in February 364. By Eutropius' reckoning, this was the 1,118th year since the founding of Rome.